Accidents or surgery that left you with ugly scars on your skin? Those scars are even worse when they spread to the surrounding skin and leave a large patch called a keloid.
It is not well known that Asians and Africans are at higher risk of keloids than people on other continents. They are large in size, often attracting attention, so they have become the obsession of many people. Health CPN will reveal to you how to deal with keloids through the article below.
What is a keloid?
A keloid is a type of scar that grows larger and wider than the original wound. They are the result of overgrowth of dense fibrous tissue after the wound has healed. This type of scar usually appears on the arms, chest area, shoulders, and back. They grow out of the original damaged skin and form an increasingly large, red bumps.
These scars are not carcinogenic, but you should still use keloid treatments to limit the discomfort and pain they cause.
Causes of keloids
Keloids form on damaged skin areas for a variety of reasons. Dense tissues grow and spread out of the damaged area, forming a scar larger than the original wound. For people at risk, even a small scratch can lead to a keloid.
This scar pattern can be inherited in the family and is more common in people with darker water than light skin. Many studies have suggested that keloids are linked to genes with darker pigmentation.
Symptoms of keloids
Symptoms of a keloid include:
- The injured skin becomes red and swollen
- The scar tissue continues to grow, spreading over the damaged skin
- Itchy, unpleasant sensation
Keloids tend to grow larger than the original wound area. They take weeks to months to grow.
This type of scarring can be itchy, but not unhealthy. They can make you feel uncomfortable, painful when wearing clothes, or when there is friction. In rare cases, you may have keloids all over your body. At that time, the hard and rough scar tissue will make it difficult to move and move.
How to treat keloids
Keloids are considered to be more of an aesthetic concern than a health concern. You may feel inferior if your scar is large and in easy to see places like your earlobes, or on your face or thighs or knees.
The scar becomes darker and more prominent when your skin is exposed to the sun. Therefore, you need to carefully shield your skin before going to the sun to prevent bruising!
There is no guaranteed cure for this type of scar treatment. However, these treatments will partly help to improve the appearance and discomfort. It is important to note that there are many cases where scars return after being treated.
Doctors often use a variety of therapies during treatment. Depending on the size and location of the scar, the doctor can apply the following methods:
- Cryotherapy Suitable for small scars caused by acne. In addition, it also helps to brighten the skin;
- Inject. Corticosteroids are often used to inject them directly into a scar. It works well when used with cryotherapy or immediately after surgery. Other medications that help improve keloids include verapamil, fluorouracil, bleomycin …
- Cut away the scar. Scar removal surgery is often used for large keloids. However, this method carries the risk of new scarring. Therefore, you need to carefully take care of the skin after surgery according to the instructions of the treating doctor.
- Radiation therapy. The use of radiation is also considered an effective treatment. However, radiation can cause cancer if the application is negligible.
How to prevent keloids?
If you are at risk for this type of scarring, it is best to avoid bodily injury, tattooing and any unnecessary surgery. Keloids can develop after each of these lesions.
To prevent scarring after damaged skin, you need to know how to properly care for the wound. This helps in wound healing and reduces the risk of scarring. You should take the following remedies to treat wounds and prevent keloid growth:
- Cover the new wound with a layer of moisturizing wax and a non-stick dressing. Hold the bandage tightly to put a little pressure on the wound. Clean the affected area.
- After the wound has recovered, use a silicone gel bandage. This helps to prevent the development of keloids. The dressing is on the skin 12–24 hours a day, for 2–3 months because keloids take approximately 3 months to develop.
- After piercing the earrings (if any), you should use specialized earrings, create pressure to avoid the formation of keloids.
Scars formed from a variety of causes need an optimal formulation to improve their shape and color. All you need is persistence and a scientific treatment plan. Most scars will improve within 8 weeks.
Please refer to the article “Scar classification and scar treatment that you should know” to better understand scars!
Health CPN does not offer medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The articles of Hello Health Group and Health CPN are for reference only, and are not a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment.
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