Acne scars make your skin ugly, which not only makes you lose confidence, but also affects your daily life. Among acne scars, concave scars are the most common. Join Health CPN to learn what concave scars are and how to effectively treat concave scars.
What is a concave scar?
A concave scar is an injury to the skin with an uneven edge that looks like small pits or indentations. Concave scars can appear on the face as well as anywhere on the body. There are many factors that can contribute to concave scar formation such as age, race.
Concave scars are not harmful to your health, but they are more susceptible to sun damage than other areas. You should protect the scarred skin from the sun with a broad spectrum sunscreen (for the rays UVA and UVB) with SPF 30 or 50.
Common types of concave scars
After the wound heals, you may experience concave scar conditions such as:
- Basal concave scars sharp (Ice pick scar): Small in diameter and deep into the skin, the scar surface is usually wider than the base of the scar (V-shaped)
- Rolling scar: has a sloping concave surface that creates a wavy shape
- Square bottom concave scars (Boxcar): are round or oval scars with vertical, U-shaped edges with a wide background
Causes of concave scars
When skin is damaged by a wound, acne, or infection, the body performs a rapid, natural healing process to prevent blood loss and infection.
Scars appear as the skin produces collagen to protect it. Indentation occurs when not enough collagen forms in the damaged skin and as a result concave scars appear in the form of pitted scars or concave scars.
Treatments for concave scars
The treatment of concave scars for each person can vary depending on the amount and extent of scarring on the skin. To be able to effectively treat concave scars, you should visit dermatology hospitals to be examined and advised the most appropriate method. Some of the commonly used methods are:
1. Fractional CO2 Laser Method
The Fractional CO2 laser concave scar treatment effectively helps to fill scars by using CO2 lasers with a wavelength of 10,600 nm that penetrate deep into the dermis to create pathways to bring growth factor deep into the skin. stimulates collagen proliferation. This method is not invasive to the healthy skin because the heat generated in the treatment will be evaporated immediately.
In addition, the laser also breaks down the bond of melanin, helps reduce dark spots, pigmentation, darkening and helps brighten, smooth skin.
2. Method of needle rolling to treat scars
Concave scarring is a method of using “special” designed small needles that directly impact the scarred skin to create “fake lesions”. The purpose of this method is to activate the body’s own self-healing mechanism, and at the same time bring nutrients directly, helping to nourish, restore and heal damage from within. In particular, the method of rolling needles to treat scars helps the wound to repair itself while keeping the skin tissue intact, without causing any significant damage.
You should choose a needle roller treatment at a reputable facility to achieve the best results, limit the risk of infection, keloids, acne and hyperpigmentation.
3. Scar removal method (Subcision)
Scar legs are made up of connective tissue fibers. After a period of untreated, the scarred legs will be fibrosis leading to hardening. At that time, the blood could not come to nourish the base of the scar, making the upper skin dry and lacking vitality. Subcision is a method that uses a medical needle to pierce the skin’s surface, breaking down the fibers associated with the scar below. This helps to release the skin surface from the underlying hard fibers and lift the skin surface to fill up faster.
Scarring can be effective for people with severe pitting and long-term scarring. Because scarring is an invasive method, there are sometimes some dark spots on the skin after the treatment. These bruises are a normal part of wound healing, and then fade and disappear over a period of time, usually 4-6 weeks depending on the person’s location.
4. Laser method and filler injection
Another method to help improve acne scars is laser scarring. The intense laser beam intensity is used to treat damaged skin. The invasive laser allows new skin cells to begin growing on the scar face. Besides, invasive laser also helps to activate collagen production without damaging the skin’s surface. Collagen is like a cement of the skin, helping to fill scars.
In addition, injecting fillers will help fill the dents from deep acne scars. Doctors inject fillers such as collagen or base fat into the area of the scar. The fillers will flatten the skin to improve scarring. This method also carries some risks such as skin irritation, infection and allergies.
How to prevent concave scar formation?
The best way to keep skin free from concave scars is to have effective skin care routines. Washing your face at least twice a day, for example, is a good habit that can control acne and prevent it from worsening and reduce the risk of infection. If the skin is only mildly inflamed, the scar tissue is less likely to form a pimple that will heal the blood. If your skin is oily, use other remedies to reduce oil such as cosmetics or oil absorbent patches.
In addition, you should maintain a healthy lifestyle, such as exercising regularly, having a balanced diet and getting enough sleep. Psychological stress management is also an important factor. Quitting all of your bad habits that are harmful to your skin like smoking or drinking a lot is a great way to protect your skin. Remember to protect your skin from sun damage by using a broad spectrum sunscreen every day.
Above are Health CPN shares about how to treat concave scars and prevent concave scar formation. Please refer to the article “Classification and effective acne scars”.
Health CPN does not offer medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
The articles of Hello Health Group and Health CPN are for reference only, and are not a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment.
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